Тест на зрелость

Тест на зрелость довольно отрезвляющий инструмент. Ниже я приведу статью. Уже и не помню, где нашел ее. Вся честь и хвала аФтору.

Немногие задаются вопросом: “Насколько я зрелая личность?” Вы можете сами ответить на этот вопрос, воспользовавшись “стандартами” зрелости от М.Е. Литвака из его книги “Принцип сперматозоида”.

  • Незрелая личность часто знает, но не умеет. Зрелая не только знает, но и умеет. Поэтому незрелая личность критикует, а зрелая делает.
  • Незрелая личность пытается устроить в первую очередь свою личную жизнь, а потом дела. В результате не устраивается ни то, ни другое, и она попадает в зависимость от других людей. Зрелая личность в первую очередь устраивает свои дела и приобретает независимость. Личная жизнь устраивается сама по себе.
  • Потребности зрелой личности вытекают из ее успехов, из ее дел. Незрелая личность, не делая дел, копирует потребности зрелой личности, увеличивая их размеры. (Вспомните потребности великовозрастных детей, сидящих на шее своих стареющих родителей).
  • Незрелая личность думает о результате, а зрелая – о деле. Незрелая личность хочет больше, чем имеет и заслуживает, в результате нередко теряет и то, что имеет. Зрелая личность довольна тем, что имеет, и тогда к ней прибывает что-то еще.
  • Незрелая личность хочет, чтобы ее дела кто-то устроил, зрелая устраивает их сама.
  • Незрелая личность надеется, зрелая действует.
  • Незрелая личность пытается управлять другими людьми, зрелая управляет собою.
  • Незрелая личность – декорация, она беспокоится о том, как выглядит. Зрелая личность – фигура, которая не задумывается, как она выглядит.
  • Незрелая личность вначале принимает решение, а потом подгоняет факты под выбранное решение – отсюда ее подозрительность. Зрелая личность вначале собирает факты, а потом на их основании принимает решение – отсюда открытость зрелой личности.
  • Незрелая личность хочет занимать высокое положение и иметь много, не занимаясь личностным ростом и приобретением навыков. Зрелая личность заботится о личностном росте и приобретении навыков. Высокое положение и деньги приходят сами по себе, как побочный продукт личностного роста.

Continue reading “Тест на зрелость”

О репутации

Мудрый царь Соломон как-то сказал: “Доброе имя лучше большого богатства, и добрая слава лучше серебра и золота.” С этим трудно не согласиться. Хорошую репутацию, как ничто другое, можно описать заезженными статусами малолеток с завышенной самооценкой:  трудно найти, легко потерять и невозможно забыть. Она довольно ценный ресурс из-за своей редкости.

Однажды мой отец красочно описал причины почему репутацией надо ценить. Он сказал: “Саша, испортить репутацию также легко как засунуть палец в говно – даже если ты смоешь цвет, запах останется.”

О рыбаке и рыбке

Вчера вечером (21.07.2019) была хорошая погода. В приподнятом настроении после встречи в церкви решил не идти домой, а прогуляться по парку около спорт центра в Лахти. Я ни разу еще не гулял здесь. Издалека увидел как рыбак ловил на леску, приманкой был хлебный мякиш. Подойдя ближе, заметил, что он словил рыбу. Решил посмотреть за его действиями. Он рутинно снял с крючка рыбку и засунул ее в белый пластиковый пакет, что был слева от него, в котором уже были две рыбехи. Тем временем, как он продолжил ловить дальше рыбу, та рыбка начала бить хвостом, прыгать в пакете. Она билась в агонии. Она умирала от удушья, а рыбак… рыбак продолжил спокойно дальше ловить.

Зацепила меня все-таки эта рыбка. Подумал, что же можно полезного увидеть в этой ситуации. Так вот, Continue reading “О рыбаке и рыбке”

Halo effect: difference between reports and stories

This is a part of quotes and thoughts that attracted my attention, while reading the “The Halo Effect …and the Eight Other Business Delusions that Deceive Managers” by Phil Rosenzweig (Free Press, 2014).

pages 15-16:

It’s useful to make the distinction between reports and stories. report is above all responsible for providing the facts, without manipulation or interpretation. If the accounts about Lego and WH Smith are meant to be reports – which presumably they are, since they’re written by reporters – then words like  stray or  drift are problematic. Stories, on the other hand, are a way that people try to make sense of their lives and their experiences in the world. The test of a good story isn’t its responsibility to the facts as much as its ability to provide a satisfying explanation of events. As stories, the news accounts about Lego and WH Smith work just fine. In a few paragraphs, the reader learns of the problem (sales and profits are down), gets a plausible explanation (the company lost its direction), and learns a lesson (don’t stray, focus on the core). There’s a neat end with a clean resolution. No threads are left hanging. Readers go away satisfied.

Now, there’s nothing wrong with stories, provided we understand that’s what we have before us. More insidious, however, are stories that are dressed up to look like science. They take the form of science and claim to have the authority of science, but they miss the real rigor and logic of science. They’re better described as pseudo-science.

Halo Effect: difference between illusion and delusion

This is a part of quotes and thoughts that attracted my attention, while reading the “The Halo Effect …and the Eight Other Business Delusions that Deceive Managers” by Phil Rosenzweig.

Preface, p. xxi:

A longtime friend of mine, Dick Stull, explains the difference between illusion and delusion this way. When Michael Jordan appears to hang motionless in midair for a split second while on his way to a slam-dunk, that’s an illusion. Your eyes are playing tricks on you. But if you think you can lace up a pair of Nikes, grab a basketball, and be like Mike, well, that’s a delusion. You are kidding yourself. It ain’t gonna happen. The delusions I describe in this book are a bit like that – they’re promises that you can achieve great success if you just do one thing or another, but they’re fundamentally flawed. In fact, some of the biggest business blockbusters of recent years contain not one or two, but several delusions. For all their claims of scientific rigor, for all their lengthy descriptions of apparently solid and careful research, they operate mainly at the level of storytelling. They offer tales of inspiration that we find comforting and satisfying, but they’re based on shaky thinking. They’re deluded.

Halo Effect: Travel Theorem – enjoyment or learning

This is a part of quotes and thoughts that attracted my attention, while reading the “The Halo Effect …and the Eight Other Business Delusions that Deceive Managers” by Phil Rosenzweig.

pages xxii-xxiii:

…I want you to challenge what I write rather than accept it. One of my role models here is the late Herbert Simon, father of artificial intelligence, Nobel Prize winner in economics for his work on decision making, and professor at Carnegie Mellon University from the late 1940s until his death in 2001. In his memoirs, Models of My Life, Simon described how his service on several foreign fact-finding missions in the 1960s, often time-consuming and very costly, led him to formulate his Travel Theorem, which goes like this:

Anything that can be learned by a normal American adult on a trip to a foreign country (of less than one year’s duration) can be learned more quickly, cheaply, and easily by visiting the San Diego Public Library.

The response? Simon wrote: “People react almost violently to my Travel Theorem. I try to explain that it has nothing to do with the pleasures of travel, but only with the efficiency of travel for learning. They don’t seem to hear my explanation; they remain outraged. They point out that I seem to be traveling all the time. Why shouldn’t other people travel too? After they simmer down enough to understand the theorem, they still attack шею It takes a long time to calm their passion with reason – and usually it isn’t extinguished, but temporarily subdued. Why, they think, argue with a madman?”

Well, I think Travel Theorem is wonderful – not because I agree with it, but because it makes me think. It forces me to ask: What is the real purpose of this trip? Is it for enjoyment or for learning? If the latter, exactly what am I trying to learn, and what’s the best way to learn it? Could my time and money be better spent searching available sources rather than running off to the ends of the earth? Disagree with Simon’s Travel Theorem if you wish, but that’s not the point. The point is to force us to ask under what circumstances it’s correct and when it’s false – and that sort of critical thinking is always useful.

Business Process Re-engineering and Organizational Change

Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) is the process of restructuring the organizational design from the ground-up. It stresses the importance of full-scale recreation of the processes instead of numerous and often continuous optimization of sub-processes. To avoid repetition, one may have a brief introduction in the idea of BPR from the Wikipedia.

Despite of usefulness of the BPR, there were some concerns. In his revision of the Socio-Technical System theory, Clegg (2000) has proposed the 8th principle – core processes should be integrated. The idea of the principle is that “organizations can be viewed as comprising a number of core processes that typically cut laterally across different functions. This contrasts with the more traditional view that organizations comprise sets of expertise-based specialisms that are organized vertically.” Here, Clegg also regretfully mentions the devaluation of application of the principle by the BPR approach in the context of the organizational system design.

This brings to a thought that there is more to what organizations can be than what BPR has to offer. Despite of being a useful tool, it should find its application with consideration of its limitations.

References
Clegg, C. W. (2000). Sociotechnical principles for system design. Applied Ergonomics, 31(5), 463–477.

Personal Code of Ethics

This is another learning diary from Sustainability and International Business ethics class at University of Vaasa produced in April, 2015.
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The purpose of the code of ethics (COE) is to guide the moral and ethical behavior. The development of the personal COE belongs to the final stage of cognitive moral development model (Kohlberg, 1976). On this stage, the individual follows the autonomous decision-making according to principles rather than external influences (Wurtz, 2015). According to the extended model, the universal ethical principles drive the behavior rather than external influences do (Wurtz, 2015). In developing the personal COE, I take the position of the ethical absolutism. This perspective allows me to have a shorter, focused and standardized COE for the majority imaginable situations.

Continue reading “Personal Code of Ethics”

Main Learning Points from Sustainability and International Business Ethics Class

This is a learning diary produced at the end of the Sustainability and International Business Ethics class in April, 2015.
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The Sustainability and International Business Ethics class raised the important issues that have no easy, so-called “black and white” answers. The context of business raises numerous concerns requiring truly complex and multilateral approach. Business practice and work remuneration promises to create a context for the pursuit of happiness to those hardworking individuals that pursue it, meanwhile, creating the favorable environment for development of manipulation with truths and right-and-wrongs in the process of reaching the goals. This class successfully reveals the conflicting nature of business with many controversies between the various goals of stakeholders. The various goals create the opposing tensions that go beyond the reach of legal requirement and require ethical approach from businesses. Beyond all, I enjoyed not the answers that the presented material provides with numerous ethical approaches to the issues, solutions and perspectives but the questions that it raises leaving me to answer them for myself.

During the class, I have discovered a number of topics that broadened my perception of ethical issues a business faces. The other topics raised resistance and the need in deeper reflection. The concept of 1) sustainability and the sustainable development, 2) the components of sustainability from the triple bottom-line model, 3) the stakeholders’ theory of the firm (especially the broad version) and 4) the pragmatic ethical theory has widened the understanding about the ways businesses approach ethics. On the other hand, the cultural relatedness of the ethics especially in the context of developing the global code of ethics has puzzled me. Next, I will briefly cover on these points. Continue reading “Main Learning Points from Sustainability and International Business Ethics Class”

Business ethics challenge: when balancing the different perspectives in business life, whose ethics matters the most

During the Sustainability and International Business Ethics class taken during the spring semester of the year 2015 (19.04.2015), we had a problem-based learning session. During the session, we discussed the ethics of premium pricing on cancer treating medicine. As a part of the learning process, we were organized in groups. Based on the learned material and the voiced during the session problem, the groups had to come up with the relevant question, which later needed to be answered individually by each student within the limits of 3-4 pages. The group I was a part of produced exactly the question, which is the topic of the post. Below is my reflection about the challenge.

So, the question is when balancing the different perspectives in business life, whose ethics matters the most. This question clearly considers three aspects: the ethics (see the “different perspectives”), applicable context (see the “business life”) and stakeholders (see the “whose ethics matter the most”). Surely, the easiest way is to start with the list of most spread ethical approaches. Those approaches one can synthesize with the voiced during the problem-based learning (PBL) session three important perspectives in the business context: company, customers and institutions. After that, one can write a paragraph or two of personal analysis and page assignment is ready for the submission.

I advise a different approach. Perhaps, instead of looking for a ready-made ethical point of view, one needs to look at the starting point of each ethical position, the metaphysics, and decide for oneself. The honest answer will determine the answering pattern to the current discussion and will affect the ultimate result generated by each ethical approach. In my opinion, the answer is not what is good or bad and whose opinion is more important but where the reasoning starts. The answer to this question simplifies the understanding of the following to the starting point argumentation flow, which I find more important than identifying the smaller details of the answer. Continue reading “Business ethics challenge: when balancing the different perspectives in business life, whose ethics matters the most”